The first recorded visit of the Europeans is the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan. He saw Samar Island on March 16, 1521 and landed the next day at Homonhon Island, now part of Guiuan, Eastern Samar.   Spanish colonialism began with the arrival of Miguel Legazpi`s expedition from Mexico on February 13, 1565. He founded the first permanent settlement at Cebu.  Much of the archipelago was under Spanish rule and created the first single political structure known as the Philippines. Spanish colonial rule saw the introduction of Christianity, law and Asia`s oldest modern university. The Philippines was ruled under the Viceroy of Mexico, New Spain. After that, the colony was directly ruled by Spain. The explorers for Spain were not the first to meet the islands. Chinese, Arab and Indian traders, for example, have already worked in 1000 AD in a vast trade with the local population.
Yet it was the Spanish government that linked thousands of islands under a single colonial rule. The maps that illustrate the Filipinas of Las Islas as an entity lied to the ethnolinguist diversity of the territory. Although anthropological research continues, scientists believe that Spain claimed a territory with more than 150 cultural, ethnic and linguistic groups. However, in this colonial geography, Spain understood that the actual distance between the centre of the capital of Manila and the outlying regions (as well as the very real problems of overcoming difficult terrain between communities) made the decision difficult. Socially and geographically isolated communities have retained some indigenous traditions, while they have experienced Spanish colonial culture to varying degrees. The white love of Vicente Rafael and other events in the history of the Philippines (2000) bear witness to this separation between the reign of the colonial centre and those within the territorial boundaries1. Instead of bringing together under one banner the different local populations during the nearly 400 years of Spanish rule, several groups remained extremely independent or indifferent to the colonizer; Some usurped and reinterpreted Spanish customs, 2 while others as slaves of the empire.3 Nephrite, also known as jade, is a mineral widely used throughout Asia as an ornament or for decorative purposes. The oldest jade artifacts in Asia (6000 BC) were found in China, where they were used as the main stone of Chinese sculpture. In 3000 BC. In J.C., jade production in the Hongsan and Liangzhu cultures of China reached its peak.
During this period, knowledge of jade crafts spread by sea to Taiwan and eventually to the Philippines. Artifacts discovered in several locations in the Philippines were made from nephritis. Nephritis, which was unearthed in the Philippines, was of two species: white nephritis and green nephritis.  Moreover, it was here that the atmosphere that was first heard under the title «Mi Barrio» came about. In 1380, Karim ul`Makdum and Shari`ful Hashem Syed Abu Bakr, an Arab merchant born in Johore, arrived from Malacca to Sulu and founded the Sultanate of Sulu by converting their former ruler, Hindu King Rajah Baguinda, to Islam and then marrying his daughter. This sultanate has finally acquired a great wealth thanks to its dive of fine pearls.  Prior to Islamization, the Sulu Rajahnat was founded by Visayan, who spoke Hindu migrants from The Rajahnat of Butuan to the Sulu Archipelago as Tausug, the language of the Sulu state being classified as the southern visayan language.  During the 10th and 13th centuries, the Champa civilization and the kingdom of the port of Sulu acted together, which led chamer to settle in Sulu, where they were known as Orang Dampuan.